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Analysis of the Role and Place of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Russia. Statistical reference, 2004

Analysis of the Role and Place of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Russia. Statistical reference, 2004
Place and year of publication
Moscow , 2004
Author
This statistical reference has been prepared by the Russian SME Resource Centre at the request of the United States Agency for International Development
No of pages
66 pages
Topic
Views
19655. Downloads: 6433.
Document ID
4558

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Summary:

Under this project, in order to determine the scale and size of the Small and MEDIUM-SIZED Enterprises, including the amount of total sales revenues of SMEs, complex calculations were made on the basis of primary data on all enterprises in Russia's regions.

Small and medium business in Russia has become institutionally positioned in Russia as the basis of its economy, it has assumed important social and economic functions.
The contribution of enterprises with up to 250 employees to the overall indicators for all enterprises in Russia in 2002 and 2003 was:
SMEs share in total number of enterprises - 94% (93% in 2002)
SMEs share in total employment - 49% (45% in 2002)
market share (SMEs' share in total sales revenue) - 47% (39% in 2002)

Another widely used SME sector development indicator is the number of enterprises with up to 250 employees per 1,000 of economically active population. In 2003 this indicator amounted to 118 enterprises and IEs per 1,000 of economically active population in Russia. In 2002 this indicator was lower, namely, 113.
The figures will be a bit higher for a category of small and medium-sized enterprises with up to 500 employees.

SMEs share in total number of enterprises – 98% (96% in 2002)
SMEs share of total employment – 61% (58% in 2002)
Market share (SMEs share of total sales revenue) – 54% (47% in 2002)

For this category the density will already amount to 122 small and medium-sized enterprises per 1,000 of economically active population, against 116 in 2002.
Thus, the alleged assumption about a fundamental gap between Russia and developed economies in the level of small and medium-sized business development is beneath criticism, as a few basic SME development indicators show that Russia exhibits the characteristics of a market economy. A positive development in 2003 is that the SME sector has strengthened its position in economy.

Table of contents:

CONTENTS

List of acronyms
Principal findings
1. SME sector definition
2. Problems involved in the statistical monitoring of the SME sector
3. Methodology of data array formation
3.1. Sources of information
3.2. List of inputs and method for calculating indicators
3.3. Information profiles and the coverage
4. Analysis of the SMEs role in Russian economy in 2003
4.1. SME sector size and structure
4.2. Density distribution of small and medium-sized entrepreneurship
4.3. Employment in SME sector
4.4. SME sales revenue
5. SME performance efficiency
6. Appendix–Administrative and territorial division of the Russian Federation and its Federal Districts
7. Regional profiles
7.1 Size profile of economic entities, % of the total number of economic entities (per EU size qualification defining medium-sized enterprises as enterprises with up to 250 employees), 2003
7.2. Size profile of economic entities, % of the total number of economic entities (per US size qualification defining medium-sized enterprises as enterprises with up to 500 employees), 2003
7.3. Number of economic entities per 1,000 of economically active population (per EU size qualification defining medium-sized enterprises as enterprises with up to 250 employees), 2003
7.4. Number of economic entities per 1,000 of economically active population (per US size qualification defining medium-sized enterprises as enterprises with up to 500 employees), 2003
7.5. Employment structure, % of total employment in the economy (per EU size qualification defining medium-sized enterprises as enterprises with up to 250 employees), 2003
7.6. Employment structure, % of total employment in the economy (per US size qualification defining medium-sized enterprises as enterprises with up to 500 employees), 2003
7.7. Sales revenue structure, % of total sales revenue (per EU size qualification defining medium-sized enterprises as enterprises with up to 250 employees), 2003
7.8. Sales revenue structure, % of total sales revenue (per US size qualification defining medium-sized enterprises as enterprises with up to 500 employees), 2003
7.9. Sales revenue per one employee, 2003

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