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The Russian Federation does not use the EU definition of an SME (see Box 4.7). The Russian State Statistics Service undertook a complete statistical census of actually operating SMEs in 2011. Included were individual entrepreneurs and those micro, small and medium enterprises which were legal entities or officially registered. If both legal and non-legal entities were included, there were 4.6 million SMEs in the Russian Federation in 2011 vs. 3.2 million legal operating entities. However, according to the State Tax Administration there were 5.9 million registered SMEs in 2011. The difference between the two figures 4.6 million and 5.9 million is explained by the fact that some SMEs register in one area and operate in another area and such SMEs were not counted in the survey undertaken by the Russian State Statistics Service. The State Tax Administration provided the following breakdown of registered firms.
OECD (2013) “Russian Federation” in: Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs 2013: An OECD Scoreboard, © OECD Publishing, 2013. DOI:10.1787/fin_sme_ent-2013-20-en